http://apollo-society.org/spaceupdate.html

SPACEUPDATE

5 AUGUST 1997

Volume 1, Number 5
Published Monthly

EDITORIAL
Gregory A. Smith, Editor
Chris Peterson, Senior Editor

Published by

THE APOLLO SOCIETY
P.O. Box 61206
Honolulu, HI 96839-1206


WEB SITE: http://apollo-society.org
EMAIL: capcom@apollo-society.org

Contents

Living in Space:

* * * * * * *

 Planetary Probe Updates

* * * * * * *

 SPACEUPDATE Archive

Living in Space
MIR 23

LOCATION: EARTH ORBIT
390km altitude

Current Mir Location

CURRENT RESIDENTS

Vasily Tsibliev , Commander
(ARV 10FEB97/DPT JUL97)
Alexander Lazutkin , Flight Engineer
(ARV 10FEB97/DPT JUL97)
C. Michael Foale Flight Engineer
(ARV 16MAY97/DPT 18SEP97)


Upcoming Mir Events

Next Mir-Shuttle Rendevous:

September 28, 1997 STS-86 .
Dr. David Wolf to replace Michael Foale.


For more Mir information see:

 MAXIMOV-MIR http://www.maximov.com/Mir/mir2.html

 NASA Office of Space Flight - MIR Space Station http://www.osf.hq.nasa.gov/mir/Welcome.html

 NASA SHUTTLE-MIR http://shuttle-mir.nasa.gov/

 MSFC NASA MIR http://www.msfc.nasa.gov/mol/mir/mir.html

Mir Current Status

All systems are in "good working order" and the crew reports that they are in good condition.

Crew Exchanges and Changes

On Thursday, August 7, the Soyuz TM-26, with the Mir 24 exchange crew will dock with Mir. The Russian cosmonauts of the Mir 23 crew will return to Earth with the Soyuz spacecraft on August 14th. The next crew of cosmonauts (Mir 24) are Commander Anatoly Solovyev and Flight Engineer Pavel Vinogradov, are to perform the internal spacewalk to repair the Mir station (around August 20th). U.S. Astronaut Michael Foale will remain on board with the new crew until replaced by Dr. David Wolf in late September.

Originally Wendy Lawrence was to replace Michael Foale as the next U.S. astronaut to conduct a long duration stay aboard Mir, however, with the new requirement for spacewalks to repair the damaged Spektr module, the next crew member will be required to fit in the Russian Orlan spacesuit required for spacewalking, and have some spacewalk training. As Dr. Lawrence does not fit in the suit and has not been trained for spacewalk activities, Dr. David Wolf was selected to replace her. Dr. Lawrence will still, however, fly with the STS-86 mission which will deliver Dr. Wolf to the Mir station and bring Michael Foale home. The STS-86 mission is scheduled for launch in late September.

Ref: NASA Release 97-163 "REVISED PLAN FOR MIR STAFFING"

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SPACE SHUTTLE

NEXT MISSION: STS-85

PRIMARY PAYLOAD/ACTIVITY:

Earth Observations and Future Space Station Technology

CRISTA-SPAS (Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere) atmospheric studies spacecraft deployment and retrieval and the Japanese Remote Manipulator system Manipulator Flight Demonstration

VEHICLE: Discovery

SCHEDULED LAUNCH DATE/TIME:
August 7, 1997 at 10:41 a.m. EST

TARGET KSC LANDING DATE/TIME:
August 18, 1997 at 7:29 a.m. EDT

MISSION DURATION:
11 days

CREW:

Curtis L. Brown, Jr., Mission Commander
Kent V. Rominger, Pilot
N. Jan Davis, Mission Specialist
Robert L. Curbeam, Jr., Mission Specialist
Stephen K. Robinson, Mission Specialist
Bjarni Tryggvason,(CSA) Payload Specialist


For more Space Shuttle infomation see:

 NASA Space Shuttle Current Status
http://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/kscpao /status/stsstat/current.htm

 The NASA Shuttle Web
http://shuttle.nasa.gov/

 Future Shuttle Missions
http://www.osf.hq.nasa.gov/shuttle/futsts.html

 STS News Reference Manual
http://www.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle /technology/sts-newsref /stsref-toc.html

Space Shuttle Current Status

All systems are go for an August 7, 1997 launch of the Space Shuttle Discovery on mission STS-85.

The crew of STS-85 will support Earth environment observations by deploying and retrieving the CRISTA-SPAS (Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere) spacecraft and will test future Space Station technology by testing the Japanese Remote Manipulator system with the NASDA sponsored Manipulator Flight Demonstration program.

Several "Hitchiker" payloads will also be flown, including a wide-field ultra-violet telescope, the Southwest ultraviolet Imaging System (SWUIS) to observe comet Hale-Bopp.


Upcoming Space Shuttle Events

FLIGHT -- ORBITER -- LAUNCH DATE

STS-85 -- Discovery -- August 7, 1997

STS-86 -- Atlantis -- September 25, 1997 (ESTIMATED) (Originally scheduled for Launch September 18, 1997)

STS-87 -- Columbia -- November 13, 1997 (ESTIMATED)
(Originally scheduled for Launch October 9, 1997)

STS-88 -- Endeavour -- July 1998 (ESTIMATED)
(Originally scheduled for Launch December 4, 1997)


Space Shuttle Info Bytes

STS SPECS:
Crew Capacity: 8 (10 could be carried in an emergency)
Max Acceleration Load < 3Gs.
Orbital Altitude: 100 to 217 nautical miles.
Cargo bay dimensions: 15 feet diameter, 60 feet long.
Basic Mission Length: 7 days in space

ORBITERS:
Enterprise (OV-101): used for Approach and Landing Tests, the Enterprise now is property of the Smithsonian Institution and is at Dulles Airport, Va.
Columbia (OV-102): the first operational orbiter, STS-1 first launched on 12 April 1981.
Challenger (OV-099): the second orbiter, flew 10 missions between 1983 and 1986 for a combined total of 69 days in space. On January 28, 1986, Challenger and her crew were lost in a launch accident.
Discovery (OV-103): the third orbiter, Discovery has flown 22 missions since its maiden voyage on August 30, 1984.
Atlantis: (OV-104): Atlantis has flown 18 missions since its first launch on October 3, 1985.
Endeavour: (OV-105): Replacing the Challenger and completing the 4-orbiter space shuttle fleet, Endeavor has flown 11 missions since its first launch on May 5, 1992.

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INTERNATIONAL
SPACE STATION


"CURRENT" SCHEDULE

ASSEMBLY FLIGHTS

June 1998 - December 2002

"CURRENT" "1998" SCHEDULE

Jun 1998 FLT 1A/R Russian

Jul 1998 FLT 1A US Orbiter

Dec 1998 FLT 1R Russian

Dec 1998 FLT 3A US Orbiter


For more International Space Station information see:

 NASA International Space Station
http://station.nasa.gov/

 Space Station This Week
http://spacelink.msfc.nasa.gov /NASA.Projects/Human.Space.Flight /Space.Station /Space.Station.This.Week/

 Space Station Web - MSFC
http://station.msfc.nasa.gov/

 ISS - Office of Space Flight - NASA HQ http://www.osf.hq.nasa.gov/iss/

Space Station Status

Airlock Evaluations and Pressurized Mating Adapters Delivery

Astronauts evaluated the International Space Station Airlock in underwater tests in the Johnson Space Center's Neutral Buoyancy Lab this week.

A pressurized mating adapter was delivered to the Kennedy Space Center, Florida last Friday and will be attached to Node-1, the space station's structural building block.

Node-1, together with two Pressurized Mating Adapters attached, will be the first element of the space station to be placed in orbit with the Space Shuttle. The Space Shuttle Endeavour will carry Node-1 on the STS-88 mission slated for launch in July 1998, approximately two weeks after the Russian-built Functional Cargo Block is launched from Russia.

Space Station This Week - July 28, 1997


Upcoming Space Station Events

Remaining "Phase I" Shuttle/Mir Missions:

STS-86 Sep 1997 Atlantis/Mir (U.S. astronaut pickup)

PHASE II, the assembly phase, begins with a U.S./Russian mission in November 1997.


Space Station Info Bytes

SPECS:

Total Crew Size = 6
Altitude: 190 to 230 nautical miles
Orbit Inclination: ~ 51.6 degrees
Total pressurized volume: ~ 46,200 cubic feet

International Partners:

Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Russia, United States


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Planetary Probe Updates
SPACECRAFT
STATUS
Galileo

Launch: 18 Oct 1989
Jupiter Arrival: 7 Dec 1995

Galileo Jupiter Orbit Tour
Jun 96 - Nov 97

Where's Galileo Right Now?


REMAINING ENCOUNTERS:

"C10" 17 Sep 1997
"E11" 6 Nov 1997

This week the Galileo spacecraft will make its deepest pass (143 Juiper Radii) through Jupiter's magnetotail. During this pass the fields and particles instruments will be allowed to observe the magnetotail environment and its interactions with the solar wind.

Playback of data recorded during Galileo's earlier encounters will continue before and after the magnetotail observations are made.

Galileo's next close approach be with Callisto on September 17, 1997, on the Callisto 10 orbit.
(Ref: This Week on Galileo August 4-10, 1997 )

Mars Pathfinder
The latest from the
Sagan Memorial Station

Mars Pathfinder - Home Page

Launch: 4 December 1996

Landing: 4 July 1997

LANDING SITE

Sol 31, 4 August 1997, finds the Mars Pathfinder mission, with the Sagan Memorial station and the Sojourner rover in good condition.

Beautiful sunset pictures from the lander and the Sojourner rover at the "Mermaid" dune are the highlight of the latest updates from the Mars Pathfinder team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

Mars Pathfinder is the first mission to land on Mars since two "Viking" spacecraft touched down there in 1976.

Mars Global Surveyor

Launch: 7 Nov 1996
Arrival: 12 Sep 1997

UPCOMING MISSION EVENTS

Mars Orbit Insertion (MOI) burn to occur 12 Sep 1997. Orbit Insertion phase will last 5 months using aerobraking and propulsive maneuvers. Mapping phase from 15 March 98 to 31 Jan 2000.


The first Mars Global Surveyor picture of Mars
(2 July 1997)

See:
Mars Global Surveyor "Hot News!"
Flight Status Reports

NEAR
Near-Earth
Asteroid Rendezvous

Launch: 17 Feb 1996
Mathilde Flyby: June 27, 1997
Earth Flyby: January 23, 1998
Eros Arrival: 10 Jan 1999

Mission Timeline
NEAR Event Countdowns
NEAR Schedule of Events
Trajectory Diagram

"NEAR spacecraft state is nominal."
(Ref: NEAR Weekly Report - 8/1/97 )


NSSDC Lunar Prospector

Launch: 24 Sep 1997
Arrival: 29 Sep 1997

One year Lunar Orbit Mission

Lunar Prospector Pages at:

AMES Research Center
Lockheed Martin
LANL - History of Space Exploration
NSSDC

To be launched on September 24, 1997, the Lunar Prospector will conduct a low polar orbit investigation of the Moon. Data from the spacecraft will allow the compositional mapping of the Moon, including possible water ice deposits trapped in permanently shadowed areas near the lunar poles. Other instruments will measure the crustal magnetic field, gravity fields and radon outgassing.
Cassini/Huygens (JPL)
Cassini/Huygens (NSSDC)

Launch: Oct-Nov 97
Arrival: 1 Jul 2004

Spacecraft Testing for the October-November 1997 launch of the Cassini/Huygens probe is currently being conducted.

The Cassini spacecraft is to orbit Saturn for a 4 year tour. Saturn Orbit Insertion (SOI) is scheduled for 1 July 2004. The Huygens Probe is scheduled to land on Titan on 27 Nov 2004 and is expected to operate about 4 hours.

Mars Surveyor `98
Orbiter

Launch: December 1998
NASA Orbiter mission to Mars.
Mars Surveyor `98
Lander

Launch: January 1999
Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor 1998 Lander
Stardust
Launch/Rendezvous/Return
Feb 1999/Jan 2004/Jan 2006
NASA sample return mission to Comet P/Wild 2.
MUSES-C

Launch: January 2002
Nereus Landing: September 2003
Return: January 2006

NASA AND JAPAN ASTEROID SAMPLE RETURN MISSION

Known as MUSES-C, the mission will be launched on a Japanese M-5 launch vehicle in January 2002 from Kagoshima Space Center, Japan, toward a touchdown on the asteroid Nereus in September 2003. A NASA-provided miniature robotic rover will conduct in- situ measurements on the rocky surface.

The asteroid samples will be returned to Earth by MUSES-C via a parachute-borne recovery capsule in January 2006.

Rosetta
Launch: Jan 2003
Arrival: August 2012
ESA rendezvous and lander mission to Comet P/Wirtanen.

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SPACEUPDATE is a service of

 THE APOLLO SOCIETY

The Apollo Society is a non-profit educational and scientific research organization dedicated to the advancement of space exploration and the establishment of human communities beyond Earth.

The Apollo Society can be reached at:
* capcom@apollo-society.org

The Apollo Society
P.O. Box 61206
Honolulu, Hawaii 96839-1206


SPACEUPDATE is a tradename of The Apollo Society.
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